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- Stephens, N. M., Markus, H. R., & Phillips, T. (in press). Social Class Culture Cycles: How Three Gateway Contexts Shape Selves and Fuel Inequality. Annual Review of Psychology.
- Stephens, N. M., & Townsend, S. S. M. (in press). Rank is not enough: Why we need a sociocultural perspective to understand social class. Psychological Inquiry.
- Stephens, N. M., & Townsend, S. S. M. (in press). How can incentives improve the success of disadvantaged college students? Insights from the Social Sciences. Policy brief for a project sponsored by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation at the George Washington University.
- Stephens, N. M., Fryberg, S. A., Markus, H. R., & Hamedani, M. G. (2013). Who explains Hurricane Katrina and the Chilean earthquake as an act of God? The experience of extreme hardship predicts religious meaning-making. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 44, 607-619.
- Stephens, N. M., Markus, H. R., & Fryberg, S. A. (2012). Social class disparities in health and education: Reducing inequality by applying a sociocultural self model of behavior. Psychological Review, 119, 723-744.
- Stephens, N. M., Townsend, S. S. M., Markus, H. R., & Phillips, T. (2012). A cultural mismatch: Independent cultural norms produce greater increases in cortisol and more negative emotions among first-generation college students. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 1389-1393.
- Stephens, N. M., Fryberg, S. A., Markus, H. R., Johnson, C., & Covarrubias, R. (2012). Unseen disadvantage: How American universities’ focus on independence undermines the academic performance of first-generation college students. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 102, 1178-1197.
- Kraus, M., & Stephens, N. M. (2012). A road map for an emerging psychology of social class. Social Psychology and Personality Compass, 6, 642-656.
- Stephens, N. M., Fryberg, S. A., & Markus, H. R. (2012). It's your choice: How the middle-class model of independence disadvantages working-class Americans. In S. T. Fiske & H. R. Markus (Eds.), Facing social class: How societal rank influences interaction (pp. 87-106), New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
- Stephens, N. M., & Levine, C. S. (2011). Opting out or denying discrimination? How the framework of free choice in American society influences perceptions of gender inequality. Psychological Science, 22, 1231-1236.
- Savani, K., Stephens, N. M., & Markus, H. R. (2011). The unanticipated interpersonal and societal consequences of choice: Victim-blaming and reduced support for the public good. Psychological Science, 22, 795-802.
- Stephens, N. M., Fryberg, S. A., & Markus, H. R. (2011). When choice does not equal freedom: A sociocultural analysis of agency in working-class contexts. Social and Personality Psychology Science, 2, 33-41.
- Fryberg, S. A., Stephens, N. M., Covarrubias, R., Markus, H. R., Carter, E. D., Laiduc, G. A., and Salido, A. J. (2011). How the media frames the immigration debate: The critical role of location and politics. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 0, 1-17.
- Sheperd, H., & Stephens, N. M. (2010). Using culture to explain behavior: An integrated cultural approach. Social Psychology Quarterly, 73, 353-354.
- Fryberg, S. A., & Stephens, N. M. (2010). When the world is colorblind, American Indians are invisible. Psychological Inquiry, 21, 115-119.
- Stephens, N. M., Hamedani, M. G., Markus, H. R., Bergsieker, H. B., & Eloul, L. (2009). Why did they "choose" to stay? Perspectives of the Hurricane Katrina observers and survivors. Psychological Science, 20, 878-886.
- Stephens, N. M., Markus, H. R., & Townsend, S. S. M. (2007). Choice as an act of meaning: The case of social class. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, 814-830.
Papers Under Review:
- Stephens, N.M., Hamedani, M. H., & Destin, M. (2013). Navigating the Social Class Divide: A Diversity Education Intervention Improves First-Generation Students’ Academic Performance and All Students’ College Transition. Under review at Psychological Science.
- Stephens, N. M., & Cameron, J. (2013). More than material resources and rank: Women in poverty lack social support and trust. Under review at Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology.
- Cheryan, S., Siy, J. O., Jones, V., & Stephens, N. M. (2013). Ethnic deviance and group status: Who is reprimanded for acting like the outgroup?
Papers in Preparation:
- Apfelbaum, E.P., Stephens, N.M., & Reagans, R. (2013). Beyond one-size-fits-all: A norm-fit model of managing diversity in organizations.
- Destin, M., & Stephens, N. M. Breadth matters: Young students with more lifetime goals are more motivated academically by information about the diverse benefits of higher education.
- Stephens, N. M., & Edens, G. (2013). Is helping a choice or an act of solidarity? Models of helping in American and Mexican cultural contexts.
- Stephens, N. M., Savani, K., & Markus, H. R. (2013). Choice in America leads to increased holistic thinking and decreased attention to the context.
- Stephens, N. M., & Markus, H. R. (2013). Models of self and the social class divide.